Yom Teruah is a two day festival falling
in the Autumn (September or October) of each year, on Tishri 1 &
2, and is considered one long day. The festival is known
as the Feast of Trumpets in Christianity and is better known as
Rosh Hashanah in Judaism. Yom Teruah coincides with Rosh
Hashanah - which literally means "Head of the Year" - and is the
beginning of the Civil Calendar in Israel. The Religious
Calendar begins with the month of Nisan (March April) in
Leviticus 24:24 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh
month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath, a
memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
Elul is the Hebrew month on the Jewish
calendar before Tishri. The 30-day period of time prior to
Yom Teruah is called "Teshuvah" which is a Hebrew word meaning
"Return" or "Repent". Teshuvah is a time for self
examination and retrospection - a time to repent of sins - and
"set things right", not only with the Lord, but also with those
To see the Daily Meditations for Teshuvah,
The 10-day period
of time beginning with Yom Teruah (Tishri 1) and ending with Yom
Kippur/Day of Atonement (Tishri 10) is referred to as the "High Holy Days", or the
"Days of Awe".
Blowing the Shofar on
Yom Teruah is the only specific commandment in Scripture for the
Numbers 29:1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye
shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it
is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.
shofar is sounded with one held blast called Tekiah; followed by
three broken blasts called Shevarim; followed by nine even
faster broken blasts called Teruah. The Tekiah, Shevarim
and Teruah each last the same length of time - sounding the set
of sounds three times. The shofar sounding concludes by
blowing and holding a final blast as long as you can (until you
run out of breath). This final blast is called Tekiah
Gedolah. There is no specific Biblical command on
"how" the shofar is to be blown - only that it is to be sounded.
To hear and see the sounding of the Shofar,
Sounding shofarot at Friday night Erev Shabbat home-group
To see Jonathan & Andi's Yom Teruah video -
They blow the shofar (with a little help from Alex, Paul &
Susan) and observe Tashlich
Like most of the
Biblical Feasts, Yom Teruah is called by a variety of names.
Other names for Yom Teruah include ...
* The Feast of Trumpets * The Feast of the Last Trump * The Day of the Awakening Blast * The Day of the Sounding of the Shofar * The Jewish New Year * The Head of the Year (Rosh Hashanah) * The Feast of the Born Again * The Day of Remembrance (Yom Ha'Zikkaron) * The Day of Judgment (Yom Ha'Din) * The Day of the King (Yom Ha'Meleck (Referring
to Coronation Day) * The Hidden Day (Yom Ha'Kiseh (Referring to the
New or Hidden Moon)
Yeshua said no man knows the day or the hour. This was
a Hebrew idiom referring to the “catching away” of
Believers that would take place on this
Just as Yom Teruah has numerous names,
there are also numerous themes associated with the festival.
Yeshua fulfilled the Spring Feasts with His first coming -
Pesach/Passover (Yeshua's death), Feast of Unleavened Bread
(Yeshua's burial), Feast of Firstfruits (Yeshua's resurrection),
and Shavuot/Pentecost (the giving of the Ruach Ha'Kodesh - the
Holy Spirit). Themes for Yom Teruah include ...
* The Catching away of the Bride (the Rapture)
Rabbis taught that after being resurrected on the Feast of
Trumpets, they would enter the chupa, or wedding canopy for 7
days (or seven years
prophetically) while 7 years of judgment
occurs on earth. * The Resurrection of the dead * The Coronation of the King (Messiah Yeshua) * The Marriage of Messiah and His Bride * Birthday of the World – Jews believe that God created the
world on Tishri 1. * God Judges the world and your name is written (inscribed) in
one of the books that God Himself keeps - the "Book of Life" or
the "Book of the Righteous".
Phrases referring to Yom Teruah … * The gates were opened
"Ani L'Dodi V'Dodi Li - I
am my Beloved's and my Beloved is mine"
Yeshua is coming back for
a bride that is "without spot or blemish". Will she look like the
traditional church of the past, or will she look more like a
young Jewish virgin? God is restoring many things to Believers
- things that had been lost to them through Roman Emperor Constantine and other early
church leaders. As the time approaches, God is making us more
aware of the Hebrew roots of our faith and preparing us
physically and spiritually to be the Bride of Messiah Yeshua.
Luke 21:24, 27-28, 32
Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the
times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with
power and great glory. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up,
and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh. Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass away,
till all be fulfilled.
Israel reclaimed Jerusalem and the Temple
Mount in 1967 in "The Six-Days War" when they were attacked by
Egypt, Jordan and Syria (a war that also eventually included
Iraq, Saudia Arabia, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Kuwait, Tunisia,
and the Sudan). Although greatly outnumbered, with God's
help, the Israelis emerged victorious, gaining control of the
Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and
East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.
Why is this important and listed in this section under the
"Catching Away" of Believers? Because for the first time
in 2000 years, the Gentile nations were no longer in control of
When I read this in Don Finto’s book, Your People Shall Be My People in 2002, I actually
wept as I read the scripture from Luke 21. It’s as clear as the nose on your face. Yeshua is coming
in this generation for a people who say, "Baruch Ha Ba B'Shem
Adonai" - "Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD"!
1 Thessalonians 4:16-17
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a
shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of
God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up
together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air:
and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-2, 4
But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no
need that I write unto you. For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord
so cometh as a thief in the night. But ye, brethren, are not in darkness that that day
should overtake you as a thief.
A proper understanding of the fall
feast days of Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur and Succot provides clarity
to Yahweh's plan for the prophetic fulfillment we call the End
Times. They reveal much more detail than has been thought
The Bible itself is a marriage covenant. Both the Tanach
(the Old Testament) and the Brit Hadashah (the New
Testament) describe how God through Messiah Yeshua, the
Bridegroom, is in the process of marrying His Bride.
Yeshua’s first miracle - turning water into wine - took place at
a wedding in Cana of Galilee.
There are many parallels between the ancient Jewish Wedding and
the marriage between Messiah Yeshua and his Bride. Yeshua
even referred to Himself the Bridegroom. These parallels
paint a beautiful picture of the love relationship between
Yeshua and his Bride.
Marriage is a picture of God’s
desire to unite in fellowship with mankind, just as the
bridegroom Yeshua, our Messiah, longs to be with His bride, His
“Called Out Ones”. Since He has appointed marriage between
a man and a woman to testify of His own predestined plan, it is
holy, even as He is holy. Because of this, the Bride is to
be prepared with purity, having eyes only to please her groom.
Likewise the groom comes to the bride sacrificing His own life
for her, and forsaking all others in order to love her only.
Parts of the Ancient Jewish Wedding:
1. Choosing the Bride
The Bridgroom spots the Bride
2. The Betrothal
1 Peter 1:8
having not seen, ye love. (referring to Messiah and His bride)
Hosea 2:19-20 I will betroth you to
me forever; I will betroth you in righteousness and justice,
love and compassion. I will betroth you in faithfulness, and you
will acknowledge the LORD.
3. The Bride Price
are not your own; You were bought at a price. Therefore honor
God with your body.
4. The Wedding Contract
Jeremiah 31: 31-33 "The time is coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make
covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
It will not be like the covenant I made with
when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because
they broke my
covenant, though I was a husband to them,”
declares the LORD. “This is the covenant I will make
with the house of Israel
after that time,” declares the LORD. “I will put my law in
their minds and
write it on their hearts. I will be their
God, and they will be my people.
Hebrews 8:10 This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel
after that time, declares the Lord.
I will put my laws in
their minds and write them on their hearts.
The Bridgroom shows the Ketuba to the Bride's Father
5. The Bride's Consent
Romans 10:9-10 If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe
heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou
shalt be saved. For with the heart man
righteousness; and with the mouth confession is
made unto salvation.
6. Wedding Garments
Ezekiel 16:8-13 “When
I passed by you again and looked upon you, indeed your time
the time of love; so I spread My wing over you and covered your
nakedness. Yes, I swore
an oath to you and entered into a
covenant with you, and you became Mine,” says the Lord GOD. “Then I washed
you in water; yes, I thoroughly washed off your blood, and I
anointed you with
clothed you in embroidered cloth and gave you sandals of badger
skin; I clothed you with
fine linen and covered you with silk.
adorned you with ornaments, put bracelets on your wrists,
chain on your neck. And
I put a jewel in your nose, earrings in your ears, and a
crown on your head. Thus
you were adorned with gold and silver, and your clothing was of
linen, silk, and embroidered cloth.
Revelation 19:7-9 Let
us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him; for the marriage
of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in
clean and white; for the fine linen is the righteousness of the
saints. And he saith unto me, Write,
Blessed are they
which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And
he saith unto me,
These are the true sayings of God.
Revelations 3:5 Yeshua says …“He who
overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not
blot out his name from
the Book of Life; but I will confess his
name before My Father and before His angels.”
7. The First Cup of Wine
(At the Pesach Meal with His disciples Yeshua) … took the cup, gave
offered it to them, saying,“Drink from it, all of you.
This is My blood of the
covenant, which is poured out for many
for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not
this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink
it anew with you in
My Father’s kingdom.”
Every time we share in the cup of
Communion we are re-affirming our marriage Covenant with our
8. Gifts for the Bride
The Bridegroom would then present
Betrothal Gifts to his
1:17 Every good
gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from
the Father ...
1 Corinthians 12:1, 4, 8-10 Now about
spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant.
There are different kinds of
gifts, but the same Spirit.
For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another
word of knowledge by the same Spirit; To another faith by
the same Spirit; to another the gifts of
healing by the same
Spirit; To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy;
discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of
tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues:
The Bridegoom presents gifts to the Bride
9. The Bridegroom's Departure
At this point the Bridegroom would depart from the home of his
10. The Chadar
He would then start building the CHADAR which was another room onto
his father’s house that would be their eventual home together.
said: Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me.
In my Father’s
house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would
have told you. I am going there to prepare a place
for you. And
if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take
you to be with me that
you also may be where I am.
The Chadar (or
Chuppah in this case) is prepared
11. The Bride's Mikvah
The Bride also had things that she
was attending to while waiting on her Bridegroom’s return.
She went through a ritual washing before the wedding, called a
Mikvah, which we as Believers in Messiah call Baptism.
Mark 16:16 He who believes and is baptized will be saved.
12. The Bride is Consecrated
Bride was consecrated and set apart for a period of time while the bridegroom was away
building the house.
Matthew 25 1Then shall the kingdom
of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their
and went forth to meet the bridegroom.2And
five of them were wise, and five were foolish. 3They
that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them:4But the wise took oil in
vessels with their lamps.5While
the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.6And at midnight
there was a
cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.7Then all those virgins
arose, and trimmed their lamps.8And
the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our
are gone out. 9But
the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for
us and you: but go
ye rather to them that sell, and buy for
while they went to buy, the bridegroom came;
and they that were
ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.11Afterward came
other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.12But
he answered and said, Verily I say unto you,
I know you not.13Watch therefore, for ye
know neither the day nor the hour wherein
the Son of man cometh.
13. The Day and the Hour
Neither the Bridegroom nor the Bride knew the actual day of the Wedding. Only the
Bridegroom’s Father knew “the Day and the Hour” of the His
Mark 13:32 But of that day
and hour knoweth no man, no,
not the angels which are in heaven,
neither the Son, but the Father.
2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night.
14. The Witness Dispatched and the Shofar Sounded
When the time was right the
Bridegroom’s Father would tell His son that the room was
completed and that it was time to go and “catch away” the Bride.
The Bride wears a
gold crown resembling the skyline of Jerusalem
1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 For
the Lord himself shall descend from heaven
with a shout, with the voice
of the archangel,
and with the trump
of G-d: and the
dead in Christ shall
rise first: Then
we which are alive and
remain shall be
caught up together with them
in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall
be with the Lord.
15. The Bridegroom Cometh
The Bridegroom would return with a shout
and the sounding of the Shofar.
Joel 2: 16 Gather the
people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather
the children, and
those that suck the breasts: let the
bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her
16. The Bride "Caught Away" at Midnight
Midnight the Bridegroom would meet his Bride.
Matthew 25 6And
there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out
to meet him.
Thessalonians 5:1-2 Now as to the times and the seasons,
brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you.
For you yourselves know full well that
the day of the Lord will come just like
a thief in the night.
Corinthians 15:51-52 Listen, I tell you a
mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed in
a flash, in the
twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet.
For the trumpet will sound,the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
17. Seven Circles around the Bridegroom
Based on Jeremiah 31:22, the Bride
would walk around the Bridegroom seven times.
woman shall compass a man.
18. The Consummation of the Marriage
The Bridegroom and His Bride
would spend 7 days alone in the Bridal Chamber (or Chuppa) where they would
consummate their marriage.
Seven days alone in
the Bridal Chamber
19. A King and a Queen
On their wedding day, the Bridegroom is seen as a king and his
Bride as a queen. They are lifted up on chairs by the men
and danced around in a circle.
Coronation of King Yeshua is another major theme of Yom Teruah (The Feast of Trumpets). Messiah’s
Coronation will happen in heaven prior to His physical return to
Revelation 5:11-14 Then I looked and
heard the voice of many angels, numbering thousands upon
ten thousand times ten thousand. They encircled
the throne and the living creatures and the elders. In a loud voice they sang:
“Worthy is the Lamb, who was slain, to receive power and
wisdom and strength and honor and glory and praise!”
Then I heard every
creature in heaven and on
earth and under the earth and on the
sea, and all that is in them, singing: “To him who sits
throne and to the Lamb be praise and honor and glory and
power, for ever and ever!” The
creatures said, “Amen,” and the elders fell down and
20. The Marriage Supper
After the marriage was consummated, there was an enormous
Wedding Feast or Marriage Supper.
Tashlick is a popular practice among Jews and Messianics
alike. It’s common to walk to a place where there is a flowing
body of water (lake, stream, etc) and throw pebbles (that you’ve
picked up along the way) or bread crumbs (that you’ve carried in
your pockets) into the water. Tashlick means “casting off”
referring to our casting off of the sin in our lives.
Tashlich is based on the scripture from
Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives
the transgression of the remnant of his inheritance? You do
not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy. You will
again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot
and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea.
You will be true to Jacob, and show mercy to Abraham, as you
pledged on oath to our fathers in days long ago.
Carolyn and I experienced our first Yom
Teruah service in 1991. We had gone to a weekend seminar
in Colombia, SC sponsored by Morning Star Drama & Dance
Ministries and its founder, Helen Cregger. The weekend
conference was to teach us about the three fall festivals.
We had been asked to bring white to wear Saturday night, the
night we would be celebrating Yom Teruah I must tell
you that it was an impressive sight when we walked into the
conference room and there were hundreds of people all dressed in
white. They gave all the ladies white veils and all the men
white yarmulkas as they entered the doors. Singers, musicians,
and the congregation sang, dancers danced, actors acted out
their parts of the story that told of the catching away of the
bride of Messiah.
At one point they brought long pieces of silk fabric over the
congregation, representing the chupa. What a wonderful
experience it was.
One of the Hebrew words for "Feast" is a word that means "Rehearsal".
What a wonderful way to learn more about the Hebrew roots of
your faith, and God's time line that is so clearly pointed out
in the Festivals of the Lord.
Genesis 22 is usually read on the second day of
This is the story of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his only
son, Isaac, and his devotion to God. It's also believed by
some teachers that Isaac wasn't a young "boy" - but perhaps a
young "man" - around the age of 33. If this is indeed the
case, it gives additional insight into the sacrifice of Isaac.
As a young "man", Isaac could have easily overpowered his father
- indicating that he became a "willing" sacrifice. But
then an angel stopped Abraham and God provided a ram in the
thicket for the sacrifice.