6I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem,
which shall never hold their peace day nor night:
ye that make mention of the LORD, keep not silence,
7And give him no rest, till he establish, and till
he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.
Psalm 122:6 Pray for the peace of
Jerusalem: may they prosper who love you.
On Day 6 of our trip, we woke up in Jerusalem at the Prima Kings
Hotel. We had specifically made plans to be in Jerusalem
for Sukkot (The Feast of Tabernacles/Booths). The hotel
had a LARGE sukka set up behind the hotel where we ate breakfast
and dinner each day.
Looking down on the sukka from our 6th floor balcony
Monday, October 16th, was our first full day in Jerusalem.
We were up at 5:30 - down to breakfast at 6:45 - and on the bus
by 7:46. The area around the Old City was closed off due
to security - which meant we had to do a lot more walking.
We were dropped off near the Mamila Mall and walked to Jaffa
Gate. By the end of the day we had walked at least 5
Getting off of the bus and ready to start walking toward the Old
Warren's Shaft is an archaeological feature
in Jerusalem that was discovered in 1867 by British engineer Sir
Charles Warren (1840–1927). It runs from within the old city to
a spot near the Gihon Spring, and after its 19th century
discovery was thought to have been the centerpiece of the city's
early water supply system, since it would have enabled the
city's occupants to safely reach fresh water (which was
otherwise unavailable within the city) even if the city itself
The entrance to Warren's Shaft & Hezekiah's Tunnel
Hezekiah's Tunnel is a wet-tunnel (with water about 2 ft. deep)
and Warren's Shaft is a dry-tunnel. Many in the group had
originally planned to walk through Hezekiah's Tunnel, but at the
last minute everyone opted the dry-tunnel instead.
close-up of the aerial maps/photos on the wall
These steps take us down to the where the tunnel begins
Metal steps help us navigate the first part of Warren's Shaft
The shaft is composed of four sections in
(1) a stepped tunnel, (2) a horizontal but curved tunnel, (3) a
14-meter high vertical shaft,
and (4) a feeding tunnel.
Then all we had was
a hand rail - and some slippery rocks
old rusty bucket more than likely from the time of Warren's
Coming to the end of our expedition into Warren's Shaft
Going through the last part of the tunnel
THE MEYUHAS HOUSE
The Meyuhas House near an Arab neighborhood
The Meyuhas House
'Leaving the Walls' of the Old City
Rahamim Nathan Meyuhas, scion of a
veteran Jerusalem Sephardic family, acquired land in the
southern part of the city of David in 1873 and built his
home there. He told his family: "We are now
establishing our home at the Village of Shiloah near the
city. We will live there and take in light and
air. We will no longer drink murky cistern water,
nor eat store-bought vegetables, because the living
waters of the spring will be our water and with our own
hands, we will plant vegetables and eat". Thus the
Meyuhas family joined the pioneers of the first
settlements to be built outside the walls of the Old
The Pool of Siloam is a rock-cut pool on the
southern slope of the City of David, the original site of
Jerusalem, located outside the walls of the Old City to the
southeast. The pool was fed by the waters of the Gihon Spring,
carried there by two aqueducts.
The Pool of Siloam is mentioned several times
in the Bible. Isaiah 8:6 mentions the pool's waters, while
Isaiah 22:9 references the construction of Hezekiah's tunnel.
For Christians, the pool has additional significance as it is
mentioned in the Gospel of John, as the location to which Jesus
sent a man who had been blind from birth, as part of the act of
Ancient records report that during the Second
Temple period, there was a lower pool. In the Autumn of
2004, workers excavating for a sewer near the present-day pool,
uncovered stone steps and prominent archaeologists were called
in; it became obvious to them that these steps were likely to
have been part of the Second Temple period pool. Excavations
commenced and confirmed the initial supposition; the find was
formally announced on August 9, 2005 and received substantial
international media attention. The pool is less than 70
yards from the edge of the Byzantine reconstruction of a pool
previously thought to be the Siloam Pool. This small pool
collected some of the water as it emptied there at the southern
end of Hezekiah's tunnel. The water continued on through a
channel into the recently discovered Pool of Siloam. The source
of the water is from the Gihon Spring located at the northern
end of Hezekiah's tunnel on the eastern side of the City of
David. An ancient pool (Upper Pool) existed near the Gihon
Spring but was no longer used after King Hezekiah redirected the
waters to the western side of the city.
There are three sets of five steps in the
lower pool, two leading to a platform, before the bottom is
reached, and it has been suggested that the steps were designed
to accommodate various water levels. The pool is stone lined,
but underneath there is evidence of an earlier version which was
merely plastered (to help it retain water). Coins found within
this plaster date from 104—76 BC, while a separate collection of
coins, dating from the time of the Great Revolt (AD 66—70), were
also found. A portion of this pool remains unexcavated, as
the land above it is owned by a nearby Greek Orthodox Church and
is occupied by an orchard known as the King's Garden.
The Shiloah Inscription
Inscription (from the above sign)
Quarriers' Meeting Point
Below the spot you are standing, at a
depth of 20 meters, the quarriers of the Shiloah Tunnel
met. "And the rest of the deeds of Hezekiah, and
all of his might, and how he made the pool and the
channel and brought the water to the city - are written
in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah" (II
Kings 20:20). The Shiloah Tunnel (also known as
Hezekiah's Tunnel) was constructed during the reign of
King Hezekiah in anticipation of the Assyrian siege of
Jerusalem in the year 701 B.C.E.
The tunnel, 533 meters long, led
water from the Gihon Spring in the east to the Shiloah
Pool which is located on the south-western side of the
City of David. In 1880, a boy wading through the
water discovered an inscription incised on the tunnel
wall. The inscription, written in Palaeo-Hebrew,
describes the final moments of the tunnel's construction
by two work teams quarrying towards each other from
opposite ends, and their dramatic meeting deep
underground. The inscription is preserved today in
the Istanbul Archeological Museum.
The Shiloah Inscription
[The] tunneling [is completed].
And this is the account of the tunneling: While [the
hewers were swinging their axe(s) one (group) towards
the other with three cubits yet to be hewn, a man's
voice was heard calling out to his fellow (worker).
For there was a zidda (fissure?) in the rock to the
right and to the left. And on the day of the
tunneling the hewers bore through, one man towards the
other, axe upon axe, and the waters flowed from the
source to the pool, one thousand and two hundred cubits,
and a [hu]ndred cubits was the height of the rock above
the heads of the hewers.
We left the Herodian street beside the Pool
of Shiloah (above) and walked underground up the hill on the
Stepped-Road. We were then able to take a newly opened
drainage canal and continue, exiting on the Herodian street by
the western wall below Robinson’s Arch, a distance of 650m.
Everyone was excited to be walking on 2000-year-old paving
stones and in the drainage channel where Josephus wrote that
Jerusalem residents hid from the Romans at the time of the
destruction of the 2nd Temple.
The Stepped-Road - notice the stone we're walking on
Mural showing the Pool of Shiloah beside the Stepped-Road
The Stepped-Road And
Path of the Pilgrims
Before you is a stone-paved plaza
from the Second Temple period that served as a promenade
for visitors to the Shiloah (Siloam) Pool. The
promenade's roof was supported by a row of stone
columns, parts of which have been found at the site.
Near the plaza are remains of a stepped road that
continued northward along the Tyropoeon Valley to the
area of Robinson's Arch. This was the route used
by pilgrims to ascend from the Shiloah (Siloam) Pool to
the Temple Mount. The road was bult on a grand
scale and may have been dozens of meters wide.
West of the road is the main drainage channel of Second
Temple Jerusalem. The channel's walls were
constructed of hewn stones and it was roofed with stone
To get an idea of our trek through the
extremely narrow drainage canal, look at the photo below.
We started at the Pool of Shiloah at the bottom of the photo and
walked through the narrow canal
up to Robinson's Arch on the inside of the Old City Walls - just
follow the brown colored path.
artist's rendition of the Stepped-Road during the time of Yeshua
Note the stones below the photo of the stepped road
Folks stop for a photo of the above mural
Continuing up the Stepped-Road toward the drainage canal
we continue through the drainage canal, the path gets narrower
closer look at the 2000+ year old stones in the drainage canal
The floor (or ground) we walked on toward the end of the trek
composed of sand bags to make the hike easier and less slippery
exited from the drainage canal through this small hole via the
provided metal ladder & steps
The Ancient Road was fully uncovered in the mid-1990s and dates to
the decades before the city's destruction by the Romans in 70
A.D. The following photos show the remains of Jerusalem's
main street, running the length of the Western Wall along about
one kilometer (slightly more than half a mile), in the late
Second Temple period. The street was paved with flagstones
and edged with curbstones. It had two large drainage
channels running beneath it, and shops opened onto the street on
both sides. The street is 10 meters wide and was paved
with large slabs up to a foot thick. The street was covered
with massive stones pushed down by the Romans; only part of the
street has been cleared by the excavators.
When the Romans conquered Israel,
they destroyed the Temple - pushing the stones down to the
This photo of the Ancient Street shows the location of the
ancient shops on the left
and part of Robinson's Arch on the upper right
Near the Ancient Road is a series of stones
referred to as Robinson's Arch. Robinson's Arch is the
name given to an arch that once stood at the southwestern corner
of the Temple Mount. It was built by Herod the Great during his
reconstruction of the Second Temple at the end of the 1st
century BCE. The massive stone span was constructed along with
the retaining walls of the Temple Mount. It carried traffic up
from ancient Jerusalem's Lower Market area and over the
Tyropoeon Street to the Royal Colonnade on the esplanade of the
A pier of large stones which
originally supported the western springer of Robinson's
Arch. The pier enclosed four cubicles that served
as shops, opening onto the paved street.
The site of former shops near the Ancient Road and Robinson's
Along the collapsed stones was one
(its replica displayed here) which bore a Hebrew
inscription: "to the place of trumpeting to...".
In the Second Temple days this stone probably marked the
place - at the top of the southwest corner of the Temple
Mount - where the trumpeter announced the inauguration
and the close of the the Sabbath.
The Southern Steps were the flight of
stairs leading to the main entrance of
the Temple Mount and was 200 feet wide.
Excavators uncovered the easternmost
part of this staircase with its
alternating long and short steps. Some
suggest that the fifteen long steps may
have been one of the locations where
pilgrims sang the fifteen Psalms of
Ascent (120-34) as they went up to
worship. It is certain that Jesus
climbed these steps when he visited the
temple in Jerusalem.
Looking at the southern retaining wall of the Temple Mount
Walking toward the Southern Steps
Ruins on the southern side of the Temple Mount
The Southern Steps of the Temple Mount
The group listens as Pamela (our tour guide) talks about the
Southern Steps of the Temple
The Double Gate
The Double Gate (and Triple Gates), also called the Huldah
Gates, provided access to the Temple Mount through subterranean
passageways. Half of the lintel stone and relieving arch of
this Herodian gateway is visible above the later protruding
arch. Above and to the right is a stone with an inscription
mentioning Hadrian's son (138 A.D.). Its position upside down
clearly indicates that it is in secondary use.
After we left the Southern Steps, we walked through the Old City
looking for a place to have lunch. The Old City of
Jerusalem is amazing. There are always so many things to
see - and some wonderful opportunities for shopping, too.
The Menorah for the future Temple - constructed by the Temple
Institute - and on public display
Walking through the Old City - I love the Jerusalem Stone
stopped for a falafel lunch in the Jewish Quarter of the Old
Cardo Street (Below the fence) was our view from where we ate
"Cardo" was a north-south oriented street in Roman cities
mural shows what the Cardo Street would have looked like during
the time of Yeshua
with Roman columns, stone street and lots of shops
Cardo Street shop
Shorashim Shop in the Jewish Quarter was one of our favorite
places on our 2005 trip
We stopped by, did some shopping, and had the opportunity to
catch up with he store owner, Dov
Because of the increased security in the city, the Old City
streets were packed
with visitors for the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles/Booths)
Zechariah 8 4-5: "...There shall yet old men and old women dwell
in the streets of Jerusalem ...
And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls
playing in the streets thereof."
Heading toward Zion Gate
Paul & Susan, Doug and Joyce come through the other side of Zion
We left the Old City of Jerusalem, boarded the Sar-El tour bus,
and headed toward a planned meeting with Gershon Solomon of the
Temple Mount Faithful.
The goal of the Temple Mount and Land of
Israel Faithful Movement is the building of the Third Temple on
the Temple Mount in Jerusalem in our lifetime in accordance with
the Word of G-d and all the Hebrew prophets and the liberation
of the Temple Mount from Arab (Islamic) occupation so that it
may be consecrated to the Name of God.
the bus - headed to the Temple Mount Faithful
Temple model at the Temple Mount Faithful
Cathy meets Gershon Solomon
Video 1 - Click Here "Why Did You Come to Israel?
Video 2 - Click Here "I am not trying to change faith or concert"
Video 3 - Click Here "Hebrew is a holy language. Hebrew will become the language
of all humanity"
Video 4 - Click Here "Why are you attracted to Jerusalem & the people of God?
He chose you from among millions of people to be the pioneers of
Video 5 - Click Here "When He (Messiah) comes, first or second time,
He will speak only Hebrew"
Video 6 - Click Here "I feel your heart as family. When I say we love you,
it is not just to flatter you.
I am not a Christian - I'm a Jew. Why do you call him
Jesus? This was not his name."